M. Taufik Ekaprasada
Hazli Nurdin
Sanusi Ibrahim
Dachriyanus -




The essential oil composition of the Toona sureni (Blume) Merr leaf was analyzed by GC-MS. More than 68 peaks, representing 99.99% of total oil, forty three components were identified, this represents 80.65% of the total oil component. The major components were α-terpinene (9.58%), α-copaene (8.39%), bicyclogermacrene (7.61%), δ-cadinene (6.65%), β-elemene (4.88%), germacrene-D (4.65%), δ-selinene (3.58%), caralene (3.10%), β-caryophyllene (2.88%), α-cubebene (2.82%), δ-gurjunene (2.20%), and (-)-isoledene (2.05%). The antibacterial activity of the essential oil of Toona sureni (Blume) Merr leaf was evaluated using disk diffusion method. The oil was effective on the inactivation of Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis.


Keywords: Toona sureni (Blume) Merr, antibacterial activity, GC-MS, essential oil

  Click to Read the Full Text

S. Prabuseenivasan, M. Jayakumar, S. Ignacimuthu, In vitro antibacterial activity of some plant essential oils, BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 6(39): 1-8, (2006).

P. Lo Cantore, N. S. Iacobellis, A. De Marco, F. Capasso, F. Senatore, Antibacterial Activity of Coriandrum sativum L. and Foeniculum vulgare Miller Var. vulgare (Miller) Essential Oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52: 7862-7866, (2004).

C. Koutsoudaki, M. Krsek, A. Rodger, Chemical Composition and Antibacterial Activity of the Essential Oil and the Gum of Pistacia lentiscus Var. chia., J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, A-E, (2005).

N. Bendimerad, S. A. T. Bendiab, Composition and Antibacterial Activity of Pseudocytisus integrifolius (Salisb.) Essential Oil from Algeria, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53: 2947-2952, (2005).

N. S. Lacobellis, P. Lo Cantore, F. Capasso, F. Senatore, Antibacterial Activity of Cuminum cyminum L. and Carum carvi L. Essential Oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53: 57-61, (2005).

J-J. Fillipi, D-A. Lanfranchi, S. Prado, N. Daldovini, U. J. Meierhenrich, Composition, Enatiomeric Distribution, and Antibacterial Activity of Essential oil of Achillea ligustica All. From Corsica, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54: 6308-6313, (2006).

A. Olonisakin, M. O. Oladimeji, L. Lajide, Chemical Composition and Antibacterial Activity of Steam Distilled Oil of Ashanti Pepper (Piper guneense) Fruits Berries, Journal of Applied Siences, 6(11): 2520-2522, (2006).

S. L. Khokra, O. Prakash, S. Jaini, K. R. Aneja, Y. Dhingra, Essential Oil Composition and Antibacterial Studies of Vitex negundo Linn. Extracts, Indian J. Pharm. Sci., 70 (4): 522-526, (2008).

N. H. Jazani, G. Berenji, S. Sedegpoor, Antibacterial Effects of Iranian Menta pulegium Essential Oil on Isolates of Klebsiella sp, Pakistan Journal of Biological Science, 12(2): 183-185, (2009).

N. H. Jazani, M. Zartoshti, S. Sahabi, Antibacterial effects of Iranian Cuminum cyminum Essential Oil on Burn Isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, International Journal of Pharmacology, 4(2): 157-159, (2008).

"",02:15 pm, October 26, 2006.

D. F. Djam’an, Toona sureni (Blume) Merr, Seed Research Development and Technology Centre, Bogor, SEED LEAFLET, No. 82 August, 2003.

W. Kraus, K. Kypke, Surenone and Surenin, Two Novel Tetranortriterpenoids from Toona sureni (Blume) Merrill, Tetrahedron Letters, 20(29): 2715-2716, (1979).

W. Kraus, K. Kypke, M. Bokel, W. Grimminger, G. Sawitzki, G. Schwinger, Liebigs Annalen, 87-88, (1982).

H. Nurdin, S. Ibrahim, A. Darma, S. Rajagukguk, M. H. Muchtar, Sugiyanto, Isolation of carotenoid from Toona sureni (Blume) Merr Leaves, Proceeding International Symposium on The Role of Chemistry in Industry and Environment, Padang, (2000).

H. Nurdin, M. H. Muchtar, Sugiyanto, V. Dewi, Biologycal Activity of -carotene Isolated from Toona sureni (Blume) Merr Leaves, International Seminar on Tropical Rainforest Plants and Their Utilization for Development , Padang, (2001).

H. L. N. S. Maia, Beatriz et al, Essential Oils of Toona and Cedrela Species (Meliaceae): Taxonomic and Ecological Implications, J. Braz. Chem. Soc.,11(6): 629-639, (2000).

A. Santoni, H. Nurdin, Y. Manjang, S. A. Achmad, Minyak Atsiri Dari Toona sinensis Dan Uji Aktivitas Insektisida, J. Ris.Kim., 2(2): 101-106, (2009).

AFNOR. Normes Francüaises, NF T 75-01, November 1999.

J. Rojas, J. Velasco, A. Morales, T. Díaz, G. Meccia, Evaluation of Antibacterial Activity on Different Solvent Extracts of Euphorbia caracasana Boiss and Euphorbia cotinifolia L. (Euphorbiaceae) Collected in Venezuela, Bol. Latinoam. Caribe Plant. Med. Aromaticas, 7(4): 198-201, (2008).

StatisticsArticle Metrics

This article has been read : 172 times
PDF file viewed/downloaded : 99 times