Pengembangan Metode Serbuk Daun Suji (Pleomele angustifolia N.E.Br) sebagai Identifikasi Sidik Jari Laten

Sri Adelila Sari, Desi Heriyanti Nasution

Abstract

Fingerprint is a technology that can be used to identify a person. The dusting method is most often used on latent fingerprints because it is relatively easy and simple. However, the composition of the ingredients used in latent fingerprint powder is toxic and can be hazardous to health. This research was carried out using a new natural powder from Suji leaf as a simple, non-toxic, and cheaper. Suji leaf powder produces a green color that comes from the chlorophyll compounds contained in it. This chlorophyll compound will bind to alanine to identify latent fingerprints. The particle sizes used in this study were of 60-200 mesh. The results found that the particle sizes of 100 and 200 mesh provided good green contrast and clear visualization of the fingerprint patterns. Meanwhile, at the particle size of 60 and 80 mesh, it was found that the results were not clear visualized. The highest percentage of fingerprint patterns based on blood group, gender and ethnicity was found in form of loops. The percentage of fingerprint patterns formed based on the highest was of O 31.1; B 12.2; AB 8.8; and A 6.6 percent. The highest percentage of fingerprint patterns formed by gender were of 45.5 for women and 13.3 percent for men. The highest percentage of fingerprint patterns formed by ethnicity were Malay 21.1, Batak 20, and Javanese 17.7 percent.

Keywords

development; Suji leaf; dusting method; latent fingerprint

Full Text:

PDF

References

Batti, K. M., Penggunaan sidik jari sebagai alat bukti untuk mengungkap tindak pidana pencurian dengan kekerasan. Lex Soc., 5(6): 21–28 (2017).

Elishian, C. & Ketrin, R., Pengembangan material serbuk silika untuk identifikasi sidik jari. J. Kim. Terap. Indones., 13(1): 35–50 (2011).

Yuserlina, A., Peranan sidik jari dalam proses penyidikan untuk menentukan pelaku tindak pidana. J. Cendekia Huk., 3(1): 46–60 (2017).

Sari, S. A., Jasmidi., Kembaren, A. & Ilmi, A. N., Development of eco-friendly fingerprint visualization using herb. Asian J. Chem., 31(11): 2601–2606 (2019).

Sari, S. A., Ningsih, H., Jasmidi., Kembaren, A. & Mahat, N. A., Development of gambir powder as a cheap and green fingerprint powder for forensic applications. in AIP Conference Proceedings, 2155: 020023 (2019).

Sari, S. A., Sinaga, Y., Jasmidi., Mahmud. & Juwitaningsih, T., A new laten fingerprint method using natural powder purple sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L. Poiret). in The Eight National Symposium & The Fourth International Symposium. Bangkokthornburi University., 329–343 (2020).

Thakur, P. & Garg, R. K., New developing reagent for latent fingermark visualization: Fuller’s earth (Multani Mitti). Egypt. J. Forensic Sci., 6(4): 449–458 (2016).

Garg, R. K., Kumari, H. & Kaur, R., A new technique for visualization of latent fingerprints on various surfaces using powder from turmeric: A rhizomatous herbaceous plant (Curcuma longa). Egypt. J. Forensic Sci., 1(1): 53–57 (2011).

Datta, A. K., Lee, H. C., Ramotowski, R. & Gaensslen, R. E., Advances in Fingerprint Technology. CRC Press, (2001).

Prasad, V., Prasad, L., Lukose, S. & Agarwal, P., Latent fingerprint development by using silver nanoparticles and silver nitrate—a comparative study. J. Forensic Sci., 66(3): 1065–1074 (2021).

Yadav, P. K., Development of fingerprints on thermal papers—a review. Egypt. J. Forensic Sci., 9(47): 1–8 (2019).

Sekar, M. & Zulkifli, N. F., Development of natural latent fingerprint powder from durian seeds-a green and effective approach in crime scene. Indo Am. J. Pharm. Sci., 4(8): 2362–2367 (2017).

Tama., Bisma, J., Kumalaningsih, S. & Mulyadi, F. A., Studi pembuatan bubuk pewarna alami dari daun suji (Pleomele angustifolia NE Br.). kajian konsentrasi maltodekstrin dan MgCO3. Industria, 3(2): 73–82 (2014).

Tran, Q. Le., Tezuka, Y., Banskota, A. H., Tran, Q. K., Saiki, I. & Kadota, S., New spirostanol steroids and steroidal saponins from roots and rhizomes of Dracaena angustifolia and their antiproliferative activity. J. Nat. Prod., 64(9): 1127–1132 (2001).

Aryanti., Nita., Nafiunisa, A. & Willis, F. M., Ekstraksi dan karakterisasi klorofil dari daun suji (Pleomele angustifolia) sebagai pewarna pangan alami. J. Apl. Teknol. Pangan, 5(4): 129–135 (2016).

Comunian, T. A., Monterrey-Quintero, E. S., Thomazini, M., Balieiro, J. C. C., Piccone, P., Pittia, P. & Favaro-Trindade, C. S., Assessment of production efficiency, physicochemical properties and storage stability of spray-dried chlorophyllide, a natural food colourant, using gum Arabic, maltodextrin and soy protein isolate-based carrier systems. Int. J. Food Sci. Technol., 46(6): 1259–1265 (2011).

Indrasti, D., Andarwulan, N., Hari Purnomo, E. & Wulandari, N., Klorofil daun Suji: potensi dan tantangan pengembangan pewarna hijau alami. J. Ilmu Pertan. Indones., 24(2): 109–116 (2019).

Thomas, P. & Farrugia, K., An investigation into the enhancement of fingermarks in blood on paper with genipin and lawsone. Sci. Justice, 53(3): 315–320 (2013).

Miazek, K. & Ledakowicz, S., Chlorophyll extraction from leaves, needles and microalgae: a kinetic approach. Int. J. Agric. Biol. Eng., 6(2): 107–115 (2013).

Rohatgi, R. & Kapoor, A. K., New visualizing agents for developing latent fingerprints on various porous and non-porous surfaces using different household food items. Asian J. Sci. Appl. Technol., 3(2): 33–38 (2014).

Singh, K., Sharma, S. & Garg, R. K., Visualization of latent fingerprints using silica gel G: a new technique. Egypt. J. Forensic Sci., 3(1): 20–25 (2013).

Tambun, R., Limbong, H. P., Pinem, C. & Manurung, E., Pengaruh ukuran partikel, waktu dan suhu pada ekstraksi fenol dari lengkuas merah. J. Tek. Kim. USU, 5(4): 53–56 (2017).

Rawn, J. D. & Ouellette, R. J., Organic chemistry: structure, mechanism, synthesis. Academic Press, (2018).

Noviantari, N. P., Suhendra, L. & Wartini, N. M., Pengaruh ukuran partikel bubuk dan konsentrasi pelarut aseton terhadap karakteristik ekstrak warna Sargassum polycystum. J. Rekayasa dan Manaj. Agroindustri, 5(3): 102–112 (2017).

Perdana, A. S. W., Kajian implementasi kewenangan penyidik POLRI untuk melakukan pengambilan sidik jari dengan teknik daktiloskopi dalam pengungkapan perkara pidana di Kepolisian Resort Sukoharjo. Universitas Sebelas Maret, (2011).

Fritz, P., van Bronswijk, W. & Lewis, S. W., p-Dimethylaminobenzaldehyde: preliminary investigations into a novel reagent for the detection of latent fingermarks on paper surfaces. Anal. Methods, 5(13): 3207 (2013).

Zhao, Y., Feng, Y. & Luo, Y., Improvement in latent fingermark detection on thermal paper using 5,6-dimethoxy-1,2-indandione/PVP. J. Forensic Sci. Criminol., 1(2): 1–4 (2013).

Jelly, R., Lewis, S. W., Lennard, C., Lim, K. F. & Almog, J., Lawsone: a novel reagent for the detection of latent fingermarks on paper surfaces. Chem. Commun., 30(30): 3513 (2008).

Raihanun, S., Mentari, D., Wulandari, M. & Pebrina, R., Description of ABO-rhesus blood group and fingerprint patterns students D-3 Teknologi Transfusi Darah of STIKES Guna Bangsa Yogyakarta. J. Heal., 6(2): 105–111 (2019).

Sahu, M., Tiwari, A. & Rao, I. A., Distribution of fingerprint patterns in different ABO blood groups. J. Res. Emerg. Sci. Technol., 3(6): 94–100 (2016).

Patil, A., Malik, A. & Shirole, T., Fingerprint patterns in relation to gender and blood groups-a study in Navi Mumbai. Indian J. Forensic Community Med., 4(3): 204–208 (2017).

Eboh, D. E. O., Fingerprint patterns in relation to gender and blood group among students of Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria. J. Exp. Clin. Anat., 12(2): 82 (2013).

Sodhi, G. S. & Kaur, J., Fingerprint powder formulation based on Azure II dye. Def. Sci. J., 54(2): 179–182 (2004).

Downham, R. P., Mehmet, S. & Sears, V. G., A pseudo-operational investigation into the development of latent fingerprints on flexible plastic packaging films. J. Forensic Identif., 62(6): 661–682 (2012).

LaFratta, C. N., Huh, S. P., Mallillin, A. C., Riviello, P. J. & Walt, D. R., Visualizing fluorescence: using a homemade fluorescence ‘microscope’ to view latent fingerprints on paper. J. Chem. Educ., 87(10): 1105–1107 (2010).

Sufitni., Pola sidik jari pada kelompok retardasi mental dan kelompok normal. Maj. Kedokt. Nusant., 40(3): 180–190 (2007).

Purbasari, K. & Sumadji, A. R., Variasi pola sidik jari mahasiswa berbagai suku bangsa di Kota Madiun. J. Florea, 4(2): 47–54 (2017).

Hidayati, F., Variasi pola sidik jari pada populasi Jawa dan Papua. AntroUnairdotNet, 4(1): 30–41 (2015).

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM